All About Semen AnalysisShearn
THE IMPORTANCE OF SEMEN ANALYSIS
Semen analysis – also known as a sperm count or male fertility test – is used to find out if a problem with semen or sperm may be causing a man’s infertility. Semen analysis is simple to operate, the laboratory data is accurate, has high clinical reference value and is also the first routine examination to be done for male infertility. The result shows how many sperm are released, as well as how they’re shaped and how well they move.
WHEN RECEIVING REPORT, PAYING ATTENTION TO THESE 4 ITEMS
1. Sperm Concentration
The lower range of normal values is when at least 16 million sperm per milliliter (ml) of semen are found. Sperm concentrations above this value are considered “normal”.
2. Sperm Motility
This shows the percentage of living(active) sperm present in the sample. It should be at least 42% (at least 42 out of 100 sperm are alive).
3. Sperm Morphology
This shows the physical shape of the sperm. This is done under a high-power microscope. At least 4% of sperm should look normal in order to be considered “normal”.
HOW TO PREPARE FOR SEMEN ANALYSIS?
1. Abstain from sex for 3-7 days
The man will need to abstain from sex or masturbation for 3 to 5 days. He will need to ejaculate at least once within 6 to 4 days before the appointment date. If the time is too short, the semen volume and sperm density are not enough; too long a time will lead to a decrease in sperm motility, affecting the accuracy of the examination.
It’s best to test semen sample that is kept for 3 to 5 days, not lesser or longer.
2. Avoid going when you’re unwell
Avoid going for semen analysis when you are unwell or had a heavy alcohol consumption days before. As this could result low sperm count, inactive sperm or dead sperm at this time. Overall, it will also affect the accuracy of the examination